In October 2014, Congresswoman Carolyn B. Maloney (D-NY) and Congressman Leonard Lance (R-NJ) announced their support of a bill to terminate the Social Security benefits along with any other federal benefits of Nazi war criminals. The No Social Security for Nazis Act was introduced to Congress by Congressman Sam Jonson (R-TX), in mid-November. It was passed by the House of Representatives December 2, 2014 and the Senate on December 4, 2014, unanimously by both. The President signed it into law December 18, 2014.
The Act closes a loophole allowing Nazi Holocaust perpetrators to collect millions in Social Security benefits. The loophole existed because rather than going through formal deportation proceedings which would cut off federal benefits, they voluntarily renounced their citizenship in a settlement with the Attorney General related to participating in Nazi persecution. Before this act, US law mandated a “final order of deportation” before federal benefits were terminated.
According to the Associated Press, since 1979, 38 of 66 suspects removed from the United States kept their Social Security benefits. While the Justice Department denies using the tactic to expel Nazi perpetrators from the US, the AP reported that it was likely used that way. The perpetrators benefits would continue if they signed a settlement agreement with the Justice Department or fled before deportation proceeding were completed. They would be expelled quickly to a country that could prosecute them for their crimes. https://goo.gl/xEFB3F
The Act also, ensures that Nazi war criminals cannot receive spousal benefits, due to a marriage to a Social Security beneficiary. A spouse may receive benefits, even if he or she has not worked, if the person is at least 62 years of age and you are receiving or are eligible for retirement or disability benefits. https://goo.gl/Sa3CBp
The Attorney General must certify to the Ways and Means Committee and the Finance Committee of Congress that Social Security has been notified of all those that this criteria. The Commissioner of Social Security Administration must certify to the Ways and Means and Finance Committees that benefits were terminated. You can see the full Act here: https://goo.gl/cC5RbS